Click on Image below to download the Standards for Sexuality Education in Europe:
Standards for Sexuality Education in Europe
For sexuality education in Europe there is a document published by the World Health Organisation (WHO) and BZgA in 2010, that pursues a similar goal to the International Technical Guidelines. The document is premised on the belief that human beings have a need for sexual activity from birth onwards and that they have the right to fulfil this need. It argues that adults should stimulate this need from the start by speaking to their child in detail at each stage of development about sexual acts as well as allow them the opportunity to express and experience their sexual needs free from the restraint of gender stereotypes.
The Standards set out what children of different ages should be introduced to and taught:
- Age 0-4: right to explore nakedness and the body and gender identities. Learn to differentiate between good and bad secrets and learn ‘my body belongs to me’.
- Age 4-6: name each body part – caregivers are instructed to ‘wash each body part’ and ‘talk about sexual matters in sexual language’. Children should be given information about enjoyment and sexual pleasure when touching one’s own body in early childhood masturbation, taught about friendship and love towards people of the same sex, secret love and first love and an awareness of rights.
- Age 6-9: informed about menstruation and ejaculation, choices about pregnancy, different methods of contraception, sex in media, enjoyment and pleasure when touching one’s body, difference between friendship, love, lust, same-sex love, STDs. Children should examine their body, use sexual language and accept diversity.
- Ages 9-12: 1st sex experience, variability of sexual behaviour, contraceptives and their use, pleasure, masturbation, orgasm, differences between gender identity and biological sex, learn about STDs, HIV and sexual rights. Acquire media competence using internet, phones and deal with pornography. To talk about sex and make decisions to have sex experiences or not.
- Age 12-15: learns skill to obtain and use a condom (*in reality this is taught in primary schools in UK), communication skills to have safe/enjoyable sex, deal with shame, fear, jealousy, disappointments. Modern media competence and deal with porn.
- Age 15+: genital mutilation, circumcision, eating disorders, hymen and repair, pregnancy in same-sex relationships, contraception services, designer babies, transactional sex (prostitution), acquire critical view of different cultural/religious norms related to pregnancy/parenthood.
Dr Patrick Fagan, Director of Marriage and Religion Research Institute, has highlighted that if sex education leads the child towards multiple sexual relations and an early introduction to sex, according the data, this amounts to a public form of sexual abuse.
He continues, out of wedlock birth will soar, abortions will increase as will STDs. Psychological problems such as depression and anxiety will rise dramatically, directly as a result of the sexualisation of children through such educational initiatives.
He states that “This is the enemy of my children and my grandchildren and it is digging down into the core of being male or female, of our identity as person, of our family life, of our children”.